It is also the only place in China where gambling is legal.

The gambling dependence has drawn attention from the highest levels of Chinese government.

Wynn Macau is building a 15,000 seat arena.

Also, visas are in short supply, and some gamblers are upset by a new ban on smoking on playing floors. When the industry booms and tax revenue jumps, residents — most of whom are employed in the business — receive payouts from the government.

More than 80% of government revenue comes directly from the casinos.

As is, baccarat is the prime attraction in Macau, totaling more than 90% of casino game offerings.

CNNMoney (Hong Kong) First published January 21, 2015: 9:06 PM ET

Macau: China’s gambling mecca desperately needs to diversify – Jan.

Related: Macau’s gambling industry dwarfs Vegas

The unexpected decline has set off alarm bells in Macau: Despite continued warnings, the territory has failed to diversify its economy beyond gambling, putting it at risk of an industry downturn. 21, 2015 by Charles Riley   @CRrileyCNN January 21, 2015: 9:06 PM ET

The decline accelerated through the end of 2014, culminating with a 30.4% revenue drop in December compared to the previous year.

But now gamblers are staying away for several reasons. The idea is to offer guests a more complete resort experience.

During a December visit, President Xi Jinping encouraged Macanese leaders to expand beyond gambling and promote “appropriate diversification.”

“This is of great importance for the interests of the people of Macau,” Xi said.

Some developers have taken note, and are planning new malls and theaters. The average minimum bet at non-VIP tables is around $250 — far beyond the reach of casual gamblers. Since 2002 its casino industry has grown into a $45 billion heavyweight, roughly seven times bigger than Las Vegas.

Should the good times resume, Macau would do well to invest the profits wisely. An intense anti-corruption campaign underway in Mainland China has made them wary about visiting casinos.

Looking ahead, analysts at CLSA expect Macau’s casino revenue to stabilize in the first half of 2015, and rebound in the second half of the year.

Related: Macau trumps Vegas with huge minimum bets

The obvious starting point is for Macau to boost its entertainment and leisure options, which lag far behind the glitz, glam and family fun offered in Vegas. “Headwinds will persist …

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Macau, like Hong Kong, is a Special Administrative Region of China. but longer term investors should not abandon ship,” the analysts said. The neighboring island of Hengqin, which is much larger in size than Macau, has caught Beijing’s attention as a prime development and diversification opportunity.

But more could be done, especially as other regional gambling destinations take aim at Macau.



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NMLS #1136

. Casinos in Cambodia, Vietnam and the Philippines are all working hard to attract Chinese gamblers. Shares in the major casinos fell by 30% to 40% in just six months